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More Reasons to Use e’Pap

  1. Hidden hunger is costly to every government and every community on earth.

The economic costs of malnutrition are high, with billions of dollars lost a year through low productivity, mortality, and over-stretched national health services. In terms of gross domestic product, the amount can be as high as 7% of GDP.

Achieving a nutrient replete population will address stunting at birth and contribute to productivity, economic development and poverty reduction by improving physical work capacity, cognitive development from birth, school performance and general health, while reducing the cost to the national fiscus, of disease and mortality.

Ending hidden hunger will provide the basic building blocks of human capital and will naturally contribute to economic development, sustainable and equitable growth in developing countries. A nutrient replete person will find better solutions to their life challenges.

This article describes the economic and health costs of “hidden hunger”.



  1. Poverty reduction efforts will fail without a nutrient replete population

The vicious cycle of poverty will not end unless hidden hunger and malnutrition are addressed.  The world’s statistics relating to micronutrient deficiencies are overwhelming, but with high bio-available micronutrient fortification, many challenges can be overcome.

Because modern staple foods (refined maize, rice, wheat) contain very little nutrition, hidden hunger affects one in three people in the world. The highest proportion of malnourished people live in the developing world, where poverty and lack of access to a well-balanced diet makes them most vulnerable to disease and dysfunction. And so the cycle is perpetuated.

Some government programs in Africa now require commercially refined maize meal to be fortified with added nutrients. But the synthetic chemicals used in these programs have very low absorption and bio-efficacy and result in a part-solution. Part-solutions are not appropriate in low resource environments where mono diets are consumed. As a result, hidden hunger, stunting and malnutrition continues.

As people have moved away from their rural environments where they had access to homegrown (and healthier) foods, many urban communities now suffer from the ‘modern’ diseases such as obesity, diabetes, depression, cardiovascular disease, anaemia and liver malfunction. At the same time, the ‘opportunistic’ diseases such as TB and pneumonia claim more and more victims among the malnourished and those with weakened immune systems.

Science has had limited success in providing solutions to such problems. There is confusion as to what represents ‘good nutrition’. Populations are eating bulk-refined foods, with a limited number of vitamins and mineral additives in the form of chemical isolates. There exists 30 years of evidence to show the limited bioavailability and effectiveness of chemical isolates which can only create part-solutions.  e’Pap focusses on creating nutrient replete human beings affordably.

  1. Specific health problems can be dramatically reduced and better managed

In clinical and field trials in many countries across Africa, e’Pap has been useful in dramatically improving quality of life and health because a nutrient replete body is better able to manage health challenges.

Such specific health problems include:

  • Low birth weight and stunted growth in infants is often a result of malnutrition in uteroand the risk of infant mortality is double to 10 times higher than in normal birth weight infants. The infants that do survive are at a greater risk of non-communicable diseases including diabetes and cardiovascular disease in adulthood.
  • Vitamin A deficiency compromises the immune systems of almost 40% of the developing world’s children under five, leading to the deaths of approximately 1 million young children each year.
  • Severe iron deficiency anaemia causes the deaths in pregnancy and childbirth of more than 60,000 young women a year. Approximately 18 million babies a year are born mentally impaired due to iron and iodine deficiency in pregnancy.
  • Mildly or moderately iodine-deficient children have IQs that are 10 to 15 points lower than those not deficient.
  • ECD (Early Childhood Development). To maximize the investment made into education of children effective  supplementation is necessary. The importance of getting all learners into a nutrient replete state especially in the early stages of child development is well understood. It is in these early development stages that poor nutrition does the most damage.
  • Nutritional support is an important tool for people living with HIV, who are more liable to succumb to opportunistic diseases such as tuberculosis and pneumonia. The first line of defense against such diseases is the body’s own immune system supported by an improved or at best, replete nutritional status.
  • Convalescence: much anecdotal evidence has been gathered, supported by medical testimony, that e’Pap has been efficacious in assisting frail care patients to recover from chemotherapy, hepatitis and severe trauma.
  • The e’Pap Technologies’ focus on achieving nutrient repleteness addresses many issues, ranging from poor concentration and stunted growth in children, to common social challenges such as accidents caused by low energy and fatigue in the work place and on our roads.


The basis of sustainable development is to create nutrient replete children that can learn and become responsible citizens in society.  To achieve this, we focus on pregnant and lactating mothers.  A nutrient replete mother who is able to breast feed her baby with nutrient dense breast milk, will raise a healthy child in a low resource environment.  Research indicates that the benefits of breast feeding will impact from the cradle to old age.

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